Meaning of Field
From the Latin campus (“plain”, “battle space”), the word field refers to a large area that is far from a city or town or to the land that can be worked. The concept is also used in reference to a crop or field.
For example: “On the weekend we will go to the countryside to relax a little and get away from the noise of the city”, “My grandfather lives in the countryside: he has cows, pigs and poultry”, “It is a very small province: in five minutes you cross the city and reach the country.
Moreover, a field is a space that is intended for performing a physical activity or various sports: “The players were in the field to start the meeting”, “These players must learn to be located in the field “, ” The concert last night left the field in terrible condition. “
The field is also the context, environment or field that is typical of a professional sector or an activity: “Truman Capote stood out in the field of journalism”, “It is a highly successful company in the field of electronics. “
Finally, it should be noted that for the science of sociology, field is a concept developed by the French Pierre Bourdieu. The fields appear as systems that bring together social relations and that are defined by the fact of having a certain form of capital. The social structure, in this way, depends on the set of fields, with their links and their influences among themselves.
An electric field is the place where electric charges are produced, that is, where certain material particles converge and eliminate energy: positive and negative charges. The presence of an electric field can be detected by the presence of material forces that manifest themselves in a defined way, giving rise to the flow of electrical energy. Although there is no way to really know its nature, the way in which electric fields are studied is in comparison with others of equal or opposite magnitude.
In computing, the concept of fields is used when making databases and constitutes the fundamental input unit for data registration. There may be as many field names as necessary, among the most used are the text, numeric, date, summary, time and calculation fields.
The semantic fields
In linguistics there are semantic fields, and the groups of words that are related to each other according to their meaning are so called. For example, in the semantic field of vertebrates all those animals that have a skeleton with a backbone and skull, and a central nervous system formed by a spinal cord and brain are grouped: rabbits, chickens, lambs, turkeys, cows, horses, etc..
Jost Trier is one of the first authors to define this concept, he did so in 1930 and stated that it referred to a set with a systematic structure, where certain lexemes were related based on their meaning by a highly significant degree of semantic kinship. Later Weisgerber rewrote this theory, presenting the definition that is currently known as valid.
According to Trier’s reasoning, all substances have a meaning that underlies the vocabulary, that is to say that beyond languages and the way in which each one understands reality by naming substances and materials, they have a meaning that it links them to others, with similar characteristics. For this, a structuring in semantic fields is necessary, to create similarities and associations between the different organisms and matters that make up existence, which share the same meaning base.
Authors after Trier developed two clear divergent theories of this: the theory of component analysis, which can be grouped with post-Aussurean structuralist ideas, whose main references are Greimas, Coseriu and Pottier and Coseriu; and the one that is pigeonholed in generative grammar, whose major exponents have been Fodor, Weinreich and Katz.