2024 Public Holidays in Russia

By | January 14, 2024

Public Holidays in Russia in 2024

Russia observes a variety of public holidays throughout the year, reflecting its rich history, cultural diversity, and religious traditions. From commemorating significant historical events to celebrating religious festivals and honoring national heroes, these holidays hold special importance for the Russian people. Below is a detailed list and description of public holidays in Russia for the year 2024.

National Holidays

New Year’s Day (Новый год) – January 1st

New Year’s Day is one of the most anticipated holidays in Russia, celebrated with great enthusiasm and festivity. It marks the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year and is a time for family gatherings, festive meals, and exchanging gifts. Russians decorate their homes with holiday decorations, attend New Year’s Eve parties, and enjoy fireworks displays at midnight to welcome the new year.

Defender of the Fatherland Day (День защитника Отечества) – February 23rd

Defender of the Fatherland Day, also known as Men’s Day, honors the courage and sacrifice of Russian military personnel, veterans, and all men in the country. Originally established to commemorate the founding of the Red Army, the holiday has evolved into a celebration of masculinity and patriotism. It is marked by military parades, ceremonies, and tributes to servicemen across Russia.

International Women’s Day (Международный женский день) – March 8th

International Women’s Day is widely celebrated in Russia as a day to honor and appreciate women’s contributions to society, culture, and family life. It is a time for expressing love and gratitude to mothers, wives, daughters, and female colleagues. Russian men often give flowers and gifts to women, and special events and performances are organized to celebrate the occasion.

Victory Day (День Победы) – May 9th

Victory Day commemorates the Soviet Union’s victory over Nazi Germany in World War II. It is one of the most significant holidays in Russia, marked by solemn ceremonies, military parades, and tributes to veterans. Russians pay homage to the millions who perished in the war and honor the courage and resilience of the Soviet people. Victory Day celebrations often include fireworks displays, concerts, and patriotic demonstrations across the country.

Russia Day (День России) – June 12th

Russia Day celebrates the establishment of the Russian Federation as an independent sovereign state on June 12th, 1990. It is a day to commemorate Russia’s democratic transformation and national unity. Russia Day is observed with official ceremonies, flag-raising events, cultural performances, and festive activities that highlight the country’s achievements and diversity.

Unity Day (День народного единства) – November 4th

Unity Day commemorates the popular uprising that expelled Polish invaders from Moscow in 1612, ending the Time of Troubles and uniting the Russian people. It is a day to celebrate national unity, patriotism, and solidarity. Unity Day is observed with historical reenactments, processions, concerts, and cultural events that promote Russian heritage and identity.

Religious Holidays

Orthodox Christmas (Православное Рождество) – January 7th

Orthodox Christmas is celebrated in Russia on January 7th, following the Julian calendar. It commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ and is a time for religious services, family gatherings, and festive meals. Russians attend church services, participate in traditional customs, and exchange greetings and gifts with loved ones to mark the joyous occasion.

Orthodox Easter (Православная Пасха) – Date varies (April 28th in 2024)

Orthodox Easter is the most important religious holiday in Russia, celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is preceded by a period of fasting and spiritual preparation known as Lent. Orthodox Easter Sunday is a time for attending church services, exchanging Easter greetings, and sharing special meals with family and friends. Russians participate in traditional customs, such as egg dyeing, baking Easter bread, and engaging in festive rituals.


Russia observes a diverse array of public holidays throughout the year, each with its own significance and cultural importance. From celebrating national achievements and honoring military veterans to observing religious festivals and promoting unity and solidarity, these holidays provide opportunities for the Russian people to come together, express their heritage, and celebrate their identity.

Public Holiday Date Days Off Groups Celebrating
New Year’s Day January 1 1 All
Defender of the Fatherland Day February 23 1 Men, Military
International Women’s Day March 8 1 Women, All
Victory Day May 9 1 All
Russia Day June 12 1 All
Unity Day November 4 1 All
Orthodox Christmas January 7 1 Orthodox Christians
Orthodox Easter April 28 1 Orthodox Christians

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